April 14, 2024

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Tunisia: Convictions of six civilians by military courts must be quashed

Tunisia: Convictions of six civilians by military courts must be quashed

Tunisia’s army courts should right away quash the current convictions of six civilians, together with four opposition politicians and a well known lawyer, and launch these who have already been detained, Amnesty Intercontinental claimed nowadays.

On 20 January, the Army Courtroom of Appeals sentenced opposition politicians Seifeddine Makhlouf, Maher Zid, Nidal Saoudi, and Mohamed Affes to in between five to 14 months in prison for “insulting a community official,” disturbing public purchase, and, in the circumstance of Saoudi, threatening a public official, in excess of a dispute with police at Tunis’ Global Airport, Anour Ouled Ali, one of their attorneys, informed Amnesty International. The Court docket also sentenced lawyer Mehdi Zagrouba and yet another guy, Lotfi Mejri, around the same incident.

Makhlouf, who has been detained due to the fact 20 January, is scheduled to contest his conviction in absentia at a listening to on 3 February.

“These convictions represent just the most up-to-date chapter in a broader tale of civilians staying prosecuted by navy courts beneath President Saied. Tunisia’s military courts deficiency independence as needed by worldwide regulation, and these repressive and unjust prosecutions will have to conclusion now,” stated Amna Guellali, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for the Center East and North Africa.

Tunisia’s army courts have significantly prosecuted civilians because President Saied carried out a electrical power seize on 25 July 2021, amid a broader deterioration in human rights.

Army courts

On 15 March 2021, the four politicians and Zagrouba confronted police at Tunis’ international airport who were being implementing an arbitrary journey ban versus a lady who was hoping to vacation abroad, Makhlouf informed Amnesty Worldwide in an job interview past calendar year.

The four politicians are associates of the Al Karama coalition, which opposes President Saied, and were formerly customers of parliament prior to Saied dissolved it by decree on 30 March 2022. A armed forces prosecutor opened an investigation versus them more than the confrontation at the airport soon just after President Saied stripped parliamentarians of immunity by decree on 29 July 2021.

In addition to sentencing the 4 politicians above the incident, the Military Court docket of Appeal sentenced Zagrouba to 11 months in jail and barred him from training regulation for five many years for “insulting” and assaulting a community official, and disturbing public buy, according to Ouled Ali.

The Court docket also handed a 3-thirty day period suspended sentence to Lotfi Mejri, who was at the airport and utilised his cell phone to capture pictures of the confrontation in between the politicians and Zagrouba on a single side, and police on the other.

Due to the fact the court docket issued Makhlouf’s verdict in absentia, he is permitted to contest the selection, according to Tunisian regulation.

Civilian courts also investigated the six men about the incident, and tried using and convicted three of them — Makhlouf, Zagrouba, and Zid — on the charge of “insulting a community official.” On 21 March 2022, the Tunis District Court sentenced them to a few months in jail. The Tunis Court of Initially Occasion later on suspended Makhlouf’s sentence.

Even though some of the costs introduced against the 6 males by military courts relate to recognizable offences underneath global legislation, they really should only have been investigated and attempted by the civilian justice procedure.

Amnesty Worldwide considers that the jurisdiction of armed service courts in excess of felony scenarios must be limited to trials of military services staff for breaches of military discipline.

Write-up 14 of the Global Covenant on Civil and Political Legal rights (ICCPR), which Tunisia has ratified, ensures the ideal to a demo prior to a “competent, impartial, and impartial tribunal proven by legislation.”

President Saied is commander-in-main of the Armed Forces and has the last phrase on the appointment of judges and prosecutors to armed service courts. Armed forces prosecutors are also serving customers of the armed service, and are as a result matter to disciplinary treatments. For that reason, Tunisia’s army courts are not impartial as described by global legislation.

Post 14 of the ICCPR also prohibits courts from prosecuting people for offenses for which they have presently been tried out and both convicted or acquitted, except in remarkable situation.


On 25 July 2021, President Saied suspended parliament and dismissed Tunisia’s prime minister, citing crisis powers that he explained have been granted to him by the Structure.

Because then, he has dissolved Parliament by decree, overseen the adoption of a new Constitution that endangers human rights, and issued decree-rules that undermine judicial independence, flexibility of expression, and the suitable to privacy.

The authorities have targeted significant-profile critics and perceived enemies of President Saied with steps including arbitrary travel bans and arbitrary property arrest, though all those performing exercises the correct to freedom of expression have been prosecuted.