American presidents and other environment leaders usually journey internationally, most usually for conferences and bilateral meetings. This face-to-experience diplomacy can provide insights into political priorities, partnerships and tensions, as nicely as key intercontinental difficulties.
The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted international travel in 2020 and 2021, but diplomatic journey picked up appreciably in 2022. In this article are five points about presidential travel overseas:
Pew Investigation Heart conducted this investigation to study the global journey history of modern U.S. presidents and other heads of government by way of Jan. 20, 2023.
Dates and places of U.S. presidential travel prior to 2021 are from the U.S. Division of State’s Office of the Historian, which has recorded international presidential journey since 1901. Travel data for 2021 and 2022 was compiled from White Dwelling press briefings. Information and facts on visits to Ukraine by other world leaders have been independently verified through formal govt web sites.
Only visits exactly where the head of authorities met deal with-to-face with one more head of authorities are incorporated. For illustration, Biden’s vacation to the United kingdom for Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral is excluded as Biden did not hold any diplomatic conferences with the British key minister or other planet leaders. Browsing leaders were only counted if they had been the head of authorities at the time of their check out. Based on the country’s political method, “head of government” could imply president or primary minister, but not equally. Heads of point out, monarchs and interim leaders are excluded from the visiting leaders rely.
U.S. President Joe Biden has traveled internationally much less frequently than his very last two predecessors did. Biden traveled to 17 locations exterior the United States in his initially two years in workplace, going to some a lot more than the moment. He made 6 global outings in 2021, all of them to Europe. In 2022, he produced 12 journeys, like to Europe, the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East. And in early 2023, Biden traveled to Mexico for the North American Leaders’ Summit.
All advised, Biden’s global stop by count trails these of former Presidents Donald Trump, who manufactured 23 international outings to 20 areas all through his first two many years in business, and Barack Obama, who made 32 trips to 24 destinations in the very first two several years of his presidency.
Biden’s initially presidential excursion abroad was to the United Kingdom, while Trump’s was to Saudi Arabia and Obama’s was to Canada. A president’s to start with trip is often employed to sign the worth of a strategic alliance. On his journey to the British isles in June 2021, Biden reaffirmed the U.S.-Uk partnership and dedicated to shut cooperation throughout his presidency. Typically, U.S. presidents stop by a close ally on their inaugural excursion: Canada was the very first worldwide destination for both of those Obama and Invoice Clinton, though Mexico was the 1st location for George W. Bush.
U.S. presidents have frequented the United kingdom the most in the earlier ten years – a total of 8 moments. American presidents have labored intently with their British counterparts over the previous decade, cooperating on concerns from protection and counterterrorism to weather coverage. Journey to the United kingdom has mainly centered all over conferences and summits, but in 2019, Trump built a ceremonial state stop by to the United kingdom.
In the previous 10 years of presidential vacation, Belgium (home to NATO headquarters), France, Germany and Japan are the next-most frequented places, at six situations each individual.
So significantly, Biden has produced the most journeys to the United kingdom and Belgium – two every. (Biden’s additional go to to the United kingdom to show up at the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II is not integrated in this depend, because he did not keep any diplomatic appointments.) Just as these two European allies stand out in Biden’s presidential journey thus far, France stands out in Trump’s administration and Germany stands out in Obama’s – they frequented people respective countries four times though in place of work.
Biden is among 38 heads of government who have visited Ukraine because the beginning of the war there. Biden traveled to Kyiv as component of a surprise excursion in February, days right before the initial anniversary of Russia’s invasion.
Whilst numerous heads of authorities going to Ukraine have arrive from neighboring international locations or nations in Europe (these as Poland’s prime minister, who has frequented 5 situations due to the fact the commencing of the war) that is not normally the situation. For example, Guatemala’s President Alejandro Giammattei and Guinea-Bissau’s President Umaro Sissoco Embaló traveled to Ukraine in July 2022 and October 2022, respectively.
Biden hosted 28 heads of government at the White Property as of the close of 2022. Foreign leaders appear to the U.S. for events which includes conferences, summits and bilateral meetings. Amid people to visit the White Property in 2021 and 2022 were being then-Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson of Sweden, who satisfied with Biden to post her country’s application for NATO membership Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, who traveled to the White House on his to start with acknowledged wartime journey abroad and French President Emmanuel Macron, whose vacation marked the initial condition pay a visit to of Biden’s presidency. In truth, the president of France has been the to start with chief to make a condition go to to the U.S. for the earlier 3 presidential terms, with Macron viewing Trump in April 2018 and his predecessor, François Hollande, traveling to Obama in February 2014. In April 2023, Biden hosted the next condition pay a visit to of his administration, conference with South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol.